ACUTE PHARYNGITIS

Clinical Manifestations
  • Pharyngitis is inflammation of the back of the throat, known as the pharynx. It typically results in a sore throat and fever. Other symptoms may include a runny nose, cough, headache, a hoarse voice. Symptoms usually last three to five days. Complications can include sinusitis and acute otitis media. Pharyngitis is typically a type of respiratory tract infection. Swelling, pain and redness of the pharynx
  • Usually seen during the winter and spring months
  • The onset is rapid and acute
  • At the beginning the patient report a hot or burning sensation of the throat
  • As it progresses, the throat pain increases
  • The throat is further aggravated by swallowing
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • General malaise
  • Dry cough
  • Examination reveals:
    A bright red swelling of the pharyngeal mucosa
    Increased secretion
    Submaxillary lymph glands are swollen and tender to the touch
Treatment Principle
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • At the initial stage, the throat is slightly red with discomfort
  • Aversion to Cold and Heat
  • Headache
  • Nasal congestion
  • T: Pale
  • C: White
  • P: Floating and tight
Treatment Principle
  • Scatter the Wind
  • Warm Cold
  • Regulate the throat
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Itching or tickling in the throat
  • Wheezing
  • Sneezing
  • Gasping
  • Cough with expectoration of thin, watery or frothy white sputum
  • General body aches
  • No thirst
  • Dyspnea
  • Headache
  • Body aches
  • A sensation of heaviness
  • Chills with low grade fever
  • Maybe asthma
  • Intolerance of Cold
  • Anhidrosis
  • Blocked and/or runny nose with watery nasal discharge
  • Chest discomfort
  • Neck stiffness
  • Irritability
  • T: Pink
  • C: Thin, white and moist
  • P: Superficial and tight
Treatment Principle
  • Disperse Wind-Cold
  • Induce diaphoresis
  • Dispel Dampness
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Fever and chills
  • Maybe fever only
  • Achiness
  • Anhidrosis
  • Occipital headache
  • Loud cough
  • Sticky, yellow mucus
  • Sore throat
  • Generalized muscle aches
  • Nasal obstruction
  • Asthma
  • Aversion to Cold
  • Edema
  • Thirst with a desire for cold liquids
  • Restlessness
  • Irritability
  • Fidgeting
  • Constipation or
  • Dry stools
  • Sometimes dry achy eyes
  • T:  Normal or red or Red tip
  • C:  Yellow or white
  • P:  Floating and tight or Floating and rapid
Treatment Principle
  • Expel Wind
  • Disperse Cold
  • Cool Heat
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Swollen, red and burning throat
  • Swallowing is difficult and causes pain
  • Aversion to Wind
  • Cough
  • Headache
  • General malaise
  • Sudden weakness
  • Hoarseness
  • Loss of voice
  • Fever and chills with fever predominant
  • Sweating
  • Dry mouth and nose
  • Possible nasal congestion
  • Fatigue
  • Anorexia
  • T: Slightly red tip and edges
  • C: Thin and yellow
  • P: Floating and rapid
Treatment Principle
  • Scatter the Wind
  • Clear Heat
  • Regulate the throat
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Red eyes
  • Yellow thick eye discharge
  • Suppuration with severe chills
  • Dry, itchy eyes
  • Aggravated by Heat
  • Photophobia
  • Headache
  • Inflammation
  • Swelling
  • Pain
  • Congestion
  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Nasal discharge
  • T: Red tip
  • C: Thin and yellow or white
  • P: Superficial and rapid
Treatment Principle
  • Expel Wind
  • Clear Heat
  • Detoxify
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Red eyes
  • Sore throat
  • Mouth, tongue and lip ulcerations
  • Urinary difficulty
  • Diarrhea
  • Papules
  • Sores
  • Prickly Heat
  • Ocular pain
  • Dark urine
  • Chest pain
  • Hemoptysis
  • Epistaxis
  • Hematemesis
  • Oliguria with dark urine
  • Scanty urine
  • Swelling of the throat
  • Fever
  • Thirst
  • Irritability
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Lassitude due to Summerheat
  • T: Normal
  • C: Yellow and greasy
  • P; Soggy and rapid
Treatment Principle
  • Clear Heat
  • Relieve toxicity
  • Promote urination
  • Eliminate Summerheat
  • TonifY Qi
  • Cool the Blood
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Husky, raspy or hoarse voice
  • Throat clearing
  • Expectoration of thick, yellow mucus
  • Maybe worse in the morning
  • Worse with smoking
  • Worse with prolonged use
  • Dry throat
  • Sore throat
  • Throat congestion
  • Dry mouth
  • Bitter taste in the mouth
  • Maybe low-grade fever
  • Cough with yellow mucus
  • T: Normal
  • C: Greasy and yellow
  • P: Slippery and maybe rapid
Treatment Principle
  • Clear the Lungs
  • Resolve Phlegm
  • Clear Heat
  • Benefit the throat
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Cough with little yellow sputum or
  • No sputum expectorated
  • Blood tinged sputum (when Yin Deficient Fire is present)
  • Spitting saliva
  • Wheezing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dry, uncomfortable sensation in throat
  • Hiccups
  • Dry mouth
  • Dry mouth and throat
  • Itching in throat
  • Coughing up difficult-to-extectorate Phlegm
  • Nausea
  • Hoarse voice, low voice or loss of voice
  • Thirst
  • Asthma
  • Flushed face
  • Five sole Heat
  • Afternoon fever
  • Night sweats
  • Malar flush (especially in afternoon)
  • Emaciation
  • Vomiting
  • No appetite or
  • Famished but with no desire to eat
  • Abdominal distention after meals
  • Dry stools
  • Irritability with low grade fever
  • Maybe dry retching or
  • T: Red and dry
  • C: Little or None
  • P: Thready and rapid or Deficient and rapid
Treatment Principle
  • Moisten Lung and Stomach Yin
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • There is more severe throat pain than in the previous syndromes
  • The pharyngeal mucosa are greatly swollen, red, and inflamed
  • Fever
  • Theirs
  • Dark urine
  • Constipation
  • T: Red
  • C: Yellow
  • P: Floating and rapid
Treatment Principle
  • Clear Heat
  • Detoxify poison
  • Reduce swelling
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Restlessness
  • Anxiety
  • Anger
  • Dark, rough urine
  • Red or yellow urine
  • Excruciating headache
  • Constipation
  • Rashness
  • Impatience
  • Irascibility
  • Tinnitus
  • Abdominal fullness
  • Fright palpitations
  • Hypertension
  • Throat blockage with difficulty swallowing
  • Sore throat
  • Semi-unconsciousness
  • Dry throat
  • Vertigo
  • Delirium
  • Mania
  • Dizziness
  • Red face
  • Red eyes
  • Irritability
  • Bitter taste in the mouth
  • Abdominal pain
  • Clonic spasm
  • Fright Wind in children
  • Dysuria
  • Pain with swelling and inflammation
  • T: Red
  • C: Yellow
  • P: Wiry or Taut and rapid
Treatment Principle
  • Purges Liver and Gall Bladder Fire
  • Clears the bowels
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Dry cough
  • Dizziness
  • Tinnitus or deafness
  • Poor memory
  • Aching, soreness or weakness of low back
  • Spermatorrhea or premature ejaculation
  • Aching in bones
  • Aching in leg and heel
  • Dry mouth
  • Thirst
  • Night sweats
  • Five sole heat
  • Malar flush
  • Low grade fever in the afternoon
  • Dry throat, maybe recurrent sore throat
  • Dry stools and / or constipation
  • Urine short and red
  • Heightened libido
  • T: Red
  • C: Little or None
  • P: Thready and rapid
Treatment Principle
  • Moisten the Yin
  • Restrain the Fire
Herb Formulas
Points