AIDS (ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME)/HIV (HUMAN IMMUNO-DEFICIENCY VIRUS)

Clinical Manifestations
  • There are four types:
    1. Lung type
    2. CNS ( Central Nervous System) type
    3. Stomach and Intestine type
    4. Fever type
  • Common symptoms:
    Fever
    Night sweats
    Unexplained weight loss
    Swollen lymph glands in the neck, under the arms or in the groin area
    Excessive fatigue
    Diarrhea
    White spots or unusual blotches in the mouth
    Persistent coughing
    Dyspnea
    Multiple purplish blotches and bumps on the skin
    Loss of hemoglobin producing functions
  • Complications:
    Pneumocystitis carinii
    Pulmonary failure
    Karposi's sarcoma (red or purple nodules which start at the head and neck, develop quickly and move to the lymph nodes, oral cavity, Liver, Spleen, anus, bone marrow and eventually to the whole body)
    Candida albicans
    Skin infections
    Herpes zoster
    Fungal infections
  • Transmitted by:
    Sexual contact
    Blood transfusion
    Injection
    Mother to baby (through the placenta or through nursing)
Treatment Principle
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Soft, weak cough with clear thin sputum
  • Physical and mental exhaustion
  • Soft, weak voice
  • Reluctance to speak
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pale face
  • With Wei Qi Deficiency:
    Spontaneous perspiration (daytime)
    Low resistance to common cold
    Tendency to a blocked nose
  • T: Pale
  • C: Thin and white
  • P: Weak
Treatment Principle
  • Reinforce the Lungs
  • Strengthen Qi
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Severe, dry hacking cough
  • No sputum expectorated
  • Small amounts of difficult to expectorate sputum
  • Blood tinged sputum (when Yin Deficiency Fire is present)
  • Afternoon fever
  • Night sweats
  • Malar flush (especially in afternoon)
  • Five sole Heat
  • Dry mouth and throat
  • Itching in throat
  • Hoarse voice, low voice or loss of voice
  • Emaciation
  • T: Red and dry
  • C: None
  • P: Thready and rapid
Treatment Principle
  • Nourish Yin
  • Moisten the Lungs
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Catches Cold easily
  • Influenza
  • Sore throat
  • Swollen glands
  • Chronic cough with sparse sputum
  • Sputum difficult to expectorate
  • Shortness of breath
  • Spontaneous perspiration
  • Dry mouth and tongue
  • Dry, itchy skin
  • Continuous rashes when severe
  • Palpitations with a stifling sensation in chest
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Irritability
  • Thirst
  • Dry throat
  • Insomnia
  • Listless speech
  • Rhinitis
  • Sinusitis
  • Tonsillitis
  • T: Red and dry or Pink and dry or Pale, moist and smooth
  • C: Changeable: Thin and dry or Thick, white and greasy
  • P: Deficient and rapid or Irregular and slow or Thready and deficient or Consistently irregular
Treatment Principle
  • Augment Qi
  • Generate Fluids
  • Clear Heat
  • Preserve Yin
  • Stop Excess perspiration
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Protracted, incessant, weak cough
  • Expectoration of copious, clear, watery or white Phlegm
  • Short, weak, breathing
  • Asthma and panting which is worse with exertion
  • Aversion to Wind
  • Catches cold easily
  • Spontaneous sweating
  • Weak voice
  • Lethargy
  • Easily fatigued
  • A soft voice
  • Reluctance to speak
  • A general air of sadness or melancholy
  • A waxy, pale complexion
  • Rounded or hunched shoulders
  • Four limbs tired
  • Anorexia
  • Maybe copious mucus
  • Food allergies
  • General lassitude
  • Distention and pain of the epigastrium and abdomen
  • Loose stools
  • Severe cases:
    Frightens easily
  • Spleen Deficiency predominant:
    Worse with dietary irregularities
  • Lung Deficiency predominant:
    Worse with weather changes
    Frequent sneezing
    Runny nose
  • T: Pale with a thin crack
  • C: White or White and greasy
  • P: Thready and weak or Floating and weak or Soft
Treatment Principle
  • Reinforce the Spleen
  • Benefit the Lungs
  • Descend Lung Qi
  • Transform Phlegm
  • Disperse accumulation
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Severe, dry hacking cough or
  • Protracted, incessant cough
  • No sputum expectorated or
  • Expectoration of copious, clear, watery or white Phlegm or
  • Small amounts of difficult to expectorate sputum
  • Blood tinged sputum (when Yin Deficiency Fire is present)
  • Short, weak, breathing
  • Asthma
  • Afternoon fever
  • Night sweats
  • Malar flush (especially in afternoon)
  • Five sole Heat
  • Dry mouth and throat
  • Itching in throat
  • Hoarse voice, low voice or loss of voice
  • Emaciation
  • Four limbs tired
  • Anorexia
  • General lassitude
  • Distention and pain of the epigastrium and abdomen
  • Loose stools
  • Severe cases:
    Frightens easily
  • T: Pale or Red or Pink
  • C: Thin and white or Little or None
  • P: Deep, thready and weak or Thready and rapid
Treatment Principle
  • Tonify the Lungs and Spleen
  • Strengthen Qi
  • Nourish Yin
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Anorexia
  • Abdominal distention and discomfort
  • Suffocating sensation in the chest
  • Epigastric mass
  • Maybe abdominal pain on palpation
  • Yang jaundice (sclera and skin are bright yellow)
  • Dislike of oily foods
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Lassitude
  • Scanty, dark urine
  • Maybe thirst or thirst with no desire to drink
  • Diarrhea with foul smell or
  • Constipation
  • Fever
  • Sweet sticky taste or bitter taste in mouth
  • T: Pink
  • C: Thick, yellow and greasy (maybe sticky)
  • P: Soft and rapid
Treatment Principle
  • Clear Heat
  • Benefit Dampness
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Sallow complexion
  • Fatigue
  • Lack of energy
  • Anorexia
  • Palpitations
  • Severe indigestion
  • Frequent gas
  • Four limbs feel tired and heavy
  • Abdominal and epigastric distention after eating
  • Maybe acid regurgitation or vomiting
  • Loose stools or
  • Diarrhea or
  • Constipation
  • Neuropathy
  • Shortness of breath
  • Profuse perspiration
  • T: Pale and flabby - may have teethmarks
  • C: White with sticky curd in the middle
  • P: Even, forceless and deficient or Slow and slippery or Deep and wiry
Treatment Principle
  • Strengthen the Spleen
  • Benefit Qi
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Sallow complexion
  • Anorexia (maybe with vomiting)
  • Four limbs feel tired and heavy
  • Abdominal and epigastric distention after eating
  • Maybe acid regurgitation or vomiting
  • Loose stools or watery stools containing undigested food
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pain in the epigastrium with cold sensations (pain is relieved by warmth)
  • Cold limbs
  • Feeling chilled
  • Frequent, clear urination
  • Mental fatigue
  • Maybe scanty urine with edema
  • Maybe clear, watery vaginal discharge
  • T: Pale
  • C: Thin and white
  • P: Deep and weak
Treatment Principle
  • Warm the Center
  • Dispel Cold
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Body cold
  • Limbs icy
  • Complexion white and shiny
  • Low back, knees and abdomen feel cold and painful
  • Lower abdomen feels cold and painful
  • Loose stools containing undigested food
  • “Cock-crow” diarrhea (occurs at about 5 am)
  • Edema of face and limbs
  • Dysuria
  • Severe:
    Abdominal ascites
  • T: Pale, moist and swollen
  • C: Thin and white or White and greasy
  • P: Deep, thready, weak and maybe slow
Treatment Principle
  • Warm and Reinforce the Spleen and Kidneys
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Epigastric fullness and distention
  • No desire for food and drink
  • Frequent belching
  • Borborygmus
  • Loss of sensation of taste
  • Stools not solid
  • Urine clear and abundant
  • T: Pale
  • C: Thin and white
  • P: Weak and Deficient
Treatment Principle
  • Strengthen Qi
  • Invigorate the Spleen and Stomach
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Palpitations
  • Shortness of breath (especially on exertion)
  • Excessive perspiration (in daytime)
  • Symptoms worse after exertion or when tired
  • Facial pallor
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Suffocating sensation in chest
  • T: Pale and swollen
  • C: White
  • P: Weak or Big and weak or Intermittent
Treatment Principle
  • Reinforce and Strengthen Heart Qi
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Palpitations
  • Irritability
  • Anxiety
  • Easily startled
  • Insomnia
  • Much dreaming
  • Poor memory
  • Dizziness
  • Pale face and lips
  • T: Pale
  • P: Thready and weak
Treatment Principle
  • Nourish Heart Blood
  • Calm the Heart and Shen
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Palpitations
  • Irritability
  • Easily startled
  • Insomnia
  • Much dreaming
  • Poor memory
  • Low grade fever
  • Night sweats
  • Five sole Heat
  • Restlessness
  • Dry mouth
  • Thirst
  • Dry throat
  • Malar flush
  • T: Red, dry
  • C: Little or None
  • P: Thready and rapid
Treatment Principle
  • Nourish Yin
  • Clear Heat
  • Reinforce Heart
  • Calm the Shen
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Palpitations
  • Shortness of breath
  • Excessive perspiration (daytime)
  • Above symptoms worse after exertion or when tired
  • Cold limbs
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Maybe chills
  • Cyanosis
  • Suffocating sensation in chest
  • Depression
  • Facial pallor
  • T: Pale and swollen
  • C: White
  • P: Thready and weak or Knotted or Intermittent
Treatment Principle
  • Warm and Clear Heart Yang
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Abdominal distention and pain
  • Gas
  • Borborygmus
  • Diarrhea
  • Distention and pain in the sides or flanks
  • Suffocating sensation in the chest
  • Tendency to sigh
  • Melancholy
  • Depression
  • Irritability
  • Inappropriate anger
  • Women:
    Irregular menses
    Dysmenorrhea
    Breast distention and pain before and during menses
  • T: Pink
  • C: White and greasy
  • P: Slippery and wiry
Treatment Principle
  • Soothe the Liver
  • Invigorate the Spleen
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Distention and pain in the sides or flanks
  • Suffocating sensation in the chest
  • Tendency to sigh
  • Melancholy
  • Depression
  • Irritability
  • Inappropriate anger
  • Irregular menses
  • Dysmenorrhea
  • Breast distention and pain before and during menses
  • Fatigue
  • Abdominal pain
  • Stomach ache
  • Reduced appetite
  • Subcostal bloating
  • Tendency to diarrhea
  • Nervousness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • T: Pink
  • C: Thin and white or moist
  • P: Wiry or Wiry and soft
Treatment Principle
  • Soothe the Liver
  • Clear Stagnation
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Pale complexion
  • Pale lips
  • Blurred or failing vision
  • Spots before the eyes
  • Dizziness
  • Dry eyes
  • Pale nail beds
  • Irritability
  • Frightens easily
  • Insomnia with much dreaming
  • Tinnitus
  • Numbness of the limbs
  • Light menses or
  • Amenorrhea
  • Late menses
  • T: Pale
  • C: Little
  • P: Thready
Treatment Principle
  • Nourish the Liver
  • Reinforce the Blood
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Hepatitis
  • A dry bitter taste in the mouth
  • Afternoon fever
  • Anorexia
  • Shao Yang headache
  • Blurred vision
  • Burning eyes
  • Emotional changes
  • A quick temper
  • Nervousness
  • T: Red, dry and thin
  • C: Thin and yellow or Thick, white and dry
  • P: Thin, wiry and rapid
Treatment Principle
  • Nourish Liver Yin
  • Regulate Qi
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Dizziness
  • Tinnitus or deafness
  • Poor memory
  • Aching, soreness or weakness of low back
  • Spermatorrhea or premature ejaculation
  • Aching in bones
  • Aching in leg and heel
  • T: Red
  • C: Little or None
  • P: Thready and rapid
Treatment Principle
  • Nourish Yin
  • Reinforce the Kidneys
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Weight loss
  • Dizziness
  • Tinnitus or deafness
  • Poor memory
  • Aching, soreness or weakness of the low back
  • Spermatorrhea or
  • Premature ejaculation
  • Aching in the bones
  • Aching in the leg and heel
  • Dry mouth
  • Thirst
  • Night sweats
  • Five sole Heat
  • Malar flush
  • Low grade fever in the afternoon
  • Dry throat, maybe recurrent sore throat
  • Dry stools and/or
  • Constipation
  • Urine short and red
  • Lumbago: low back feels cold, weak and aching
  • Feeling chilled
  • Aversion to Cold
  • Cold limbs
  • General debility
  • Pale face
  • Urinary frequency with abundant, clear urine or
  • Oliguria with edema
  • Maybe nocturia
  • Lassitude
  • Withdrawn, subdued behavior
  • Knees feel cold and aching
  • Achy joints
  • Impotence
  • Low libido
  • Female infertility ("uterus cold and infertile")
  • Irregular menstruation
  • Dysmenorrhea
  • Maybe anorexia
  • Maybe loose stools
  • Maybe chronic diarrhea or "cock crow" diarrhea
  • T: Pale and swollen or Red
  • C: Thin and white or Little or None
  • P: Deep and thready - maybe slow or Thready and rapid
Treatment Principle
  • Strengthen the Kidneys
  • Nourish Yin
  • Warm Yang
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Weight loss
  • Dizziness
  • Tinnitus or deafness
  • Poor memory
  • Fear
  • Panic
  • Dementia
  • Sore throat
  • Disturbed sleep with bad dreams
  • Achy joints
  • Aching, soreness or weakness of low back
  • Loss of balance
  • Spermatorrhea
  • Premature ejaculation
  • Impotence
  • Irregular menstruation
  • Dysmenorrhea
  • Aching in bones
  • Aching in leg and heel
  • T: Reddish purple or Gray (anemia) with cracks
  • C: Little or None
  • P: Thready and Deep
Treatment Principle
  • Tonify the Kidneys
  • Nourish Yin
  • Strengthen Jing
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Dizziness
  • Tinnitus or deafness
  • Poor memory
  • Aching, soreness or weakness of the low back
  • Spermatorrhea or
  • Premature ejaculation
  • Aching in the bones
  • Aching in the leg and heel
  • Dry mouth
  • Thirst
  • Night sweats
  • Five sole Heat
  • Malar flush
  • Low grade fever in the afternoon
  • Dry throat, maybe recurrent sore throat
  • Dry stools and/or
  • Constipation
  • Urine short and red
  • Heightened libido
  • If Heart Fire also Flares:
    Insomnia
    Frequent dreams
    Palpitations
  • If Liver Yang also Rises:
    Dizziness
    Blurred vision
  • T: Red
  • C: Little or None
  • P: Thready and rapid
Treatment Principle
  • Nourish Yin
  • Subdue Fire
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Lumbago: low back feels cold, weak and aching
  • Feeling chilled
  • Aversion to Cold
  • Cold limbs
  • General debility
  • Pale face
  • Urinary frequency with abundant, clear urine or
  • Oliguria with edema
  • Maybe nocturia
  • Lassitude
  • Withdrawn, subdued behavior
  • Knees feel cold and aching
  • Dizziness
  • Tinnitus
  • Impotence
  • Spermatorrhea
  • Premature ejaculation
  • Low libido
  • Female infertility ("uterus cold and infertile")
  • Maybe anorexia
  • Maybe loose stools
  • Maybe chronic diarrhea or "cock crow" diarrhea
  • T: Pale and swollen
  • C: Thin and white
  • P: Deep and thready - maybe slow
Treatment Principle
  • Warm and Reinforce Kidney Yang
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • May have flu-like symptoms that last longer than usual (two weeks to a month):
    Runny nose
    Headache
Treatment Principle
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Cold sensation of the whole body
  • Cold extremities
  • Facial edema
  • Edema
  • Frequent nocturnal urination
  • Loose stools
  • Profuse, clear urination
  • T: Swollen
  • C: Moist
  • P:Deep, slow and indistinct
Treatment Principle
  • Nourish Yin and Yang
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Five sole Heat
  • Dry throat
  • Persistent thirst
  • Afternoon fever
  • Dry stools
  • Constipation
  • Scanty, dark-colored urine
  • Night sweats
  • Cold sensation of the whole body
  • Cold extremities
  • Facial edema
  • Edema
  • Frequent nocturnal urination
  • Loose stools
  • Profuse, clear urination
  • T: Swollen or Red
  • C: Moist or Little or None
  • P: Deep, slow and indistinct or Thready and rapid
Treatment Principle
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Fatigue
  • Loose stools
  • Anorexia
  • Dizziness
  • Pale face
  • Weak voice
  • Reluctance to speak
  • Sweating with little or no exertion
  • T: Pale
  • C: White
  • P: Empty
Treatment Principle
  • Tonify Qi
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Fatigue
  • Lack of energy
  • Shortness of breath
  • Soft, weak voice
  • Reluctance to speak
  • Spontaneous perspiration
  • Five sole Heat
  • Dry throat
  • Persistent thirst
  • Afternoon fever
  • Dry stools
  • Constipation
  • Scanty, dark-colored urine
  • Night sweats
  • T: Red or Swollen and scalloped
  • C: Little or None or White
  • P: Thready and rapid or Deep, weak, soft and small or Floating
Treatment Principle
  • Tonify Qi
  • Nourish Yin
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Fatigue
  • Dirty dull skin
  • Chest and abdominal pain
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Emaciation
  • Aversion to Cold
  • Aversion to Heat
  • Dizziness
  • Loss of balance
  • Tinnitus
  • Pale lips
  • Pale face
  • Pale nails
  • Slow reactions
  • Depression
  • T: Pale with dry, purple spots
  • C: Spots
  • P: Deep, thin and weak
Treatment Principle
  • Nourish Yi,
  • Tonify Yang
  • Regulate Qi
  • Invigorate the Blood
  • Break up Stasis
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Fatigue
  • Loose stools
  • Poor appetite
  • Dizziness
  • Pale face
  • Weak voice
  • Reluctance to speak
  • Sweating with little or no exertion
  • Palpitations
  • Insomnia
  • Dry skin
  • Dry hair
  • Poor memory
  • Paleness
  • Scanty periods
  • T: Pale or Pale, thin and dry
  • C: Thin and white
  • P: Weak or Thin and choppy
Treatment Principle
  • Tonify Qi
  • Nourish the Blood
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Anemia
  • Uterine bleeding
  • Cold extremities
  • Pale or sallow face
  • Dizziness
  • General fatigue
  • Coarse skin
  • Nocturnal emissions
  • Weak knees
  • Fatigue
  • Dyspnea
  • Night sweats
  • Irregular menstruation
  • Insomnia
  • Intolerance of Cold
  • Decreased eyesight after a prolonged illness
  • Anxiety
  • Intermittent fever
  • Jaundice
  • Deficient cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Palpitations
  • Anorexia
  • Listlessness
  • Lassitude
  • Spontaneous sweating
  • Spermatorrhea
  • Continuous spotting
  • Leukorrhea
  • Weak legs and knees
  • T: Pale
  • C: Thin and white
  • P: Thready and weak
Treatment Principle
  • Replenish Yang
  • Warm and tonifies Qi and Blood
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Dizziness
  • Palpitations
  • Insomnia
  • Dry skin
  • Dry hair
  • Poor memory
  • Paleness
  • Fatigue
  • Scanty periods
  • T: Pale
  • C: Thin, white and dry
  • P: Thready and rapid or Weak
Treatment Principle
  • Nourish Blood
  • Tonify the Spleen
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • High fever may be worse at night
  • Thirst
  • Insomnia
  • Major mental problems
  • Dramatic change of personality
  • Confusion of mind
  • Delirium
  • Speech difficulty
  • Aphasia
  • Poor memory
  • Dizziness
  • Maybe fainting
  • Maybe coma
  • Excessive skin rashes all over body
  • Feverish extremities
  • Dark yellow urine
  • Hemorrhage
    Hematemesis
    Hemoptysis
    Epistaxis
    Hemafecia
    Hematuria
  • T:  Deep red or Deep red and dry or Purple red
  • C: None
  • P:  Rapid or Thready and rapid or Thready and feeble
Treatment Principle
  • Clear the Ying
  • Cool the Blood
  • Detoxify
Herb Formulas
Points
Clinical Manifestations
  • Dizziness
  • Stiff tongue
  • Deviation of the eyes and mouth
  • Hemiplegia
  • Fullness of the chest or
  • Masses or
  • Distended abdomen
  • Heavy limbs
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • T: Pink
  • C: Sticky and yellow
  • P: Slippery
Treatment Principle
  • Eliminate Phlegm
  • Remove Stasis
Herb Formulas
Points